Poly(L-lactide) mineralisation under environmental conditions is enhanced in earthworm guts

verfasst von
Linda Hink, Stephan Rohrbach, Joey Rehkopf, Elmar Sehl, Seema Agarwal, Heike Feldhaar, Marcus A. Horn
Abstract

Microplastic accumulates in various habitats, posing a potential environmental threat. Biodegradable polymers like poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) is a possible eco-friendly alternative to conventional, non-biodegradable plastics. However, biodegradation of PLLA in soil is strongly limited, but is potentially enhanced by soil-dwelling organisms. We recently showed that PLLA exposure positively affected reproduction in the earthworm Eisenia fetida, and increased gut lactate concentrations, indicating the hypothesis of earthworm-enhanced PLLA biodegradation. Thus, 13C-labelled PLLA was used for a 13CO2-tracing approach to monitor PLLA mineralisation in presence and absence of the earthworm E. fetida. Mineralisation of 0.2% of initial PLLA was attributed to the activity of earthworms after two weeks of exposure. Extrapolation assuming zero-order kinetics and limitation of microbial growth suggested a substantially shorter half-life of PLLA in earthworm-amended soils. This finding provides strong evidence that conditions inside the earthworm gut are beneficial for PLLA degradation and provide a basis for the development of mitigation strategies for PLLA microplastic pollution.

Organisationseinheit(en)
Institut für Mikrobiologie
Externe Organisation(en)
Universität Bayreuth
Typ
Artikel
Journal
Soil Biology and Biochemistry
Band
196
ISSN
0038-0717
Publikationsdatum
03.06.2024
Publikationsstatus
Elektronisch veröffentlicht (E-Pub)
Peer-reviewed
Ja
ASJC Scopus Sachgebiete
Bodenkunde, Mikrobiologie
Elektronische Version(en)
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2024.109485 (Zugang: Offen)