Detection of Reproducible Major Effect QTL for Petal Traits in Garden Roses

authored by
Dietmar Schulz, Marcus Linde, Thomas Debener
Abstract

The detection of QTL by association genetics depends on the genetic architecture of the trait under study, the size and structure of the investigated population and the availability of phenotypic and marker data of sufficient quality and quantity. In roses, we previously demonstrated that major QTL could already be detected in small association panels. In this study, we analyzed petal number, petal size and fragrance in a small panel of 95 mostly tetraploid garden rose genotypes. After genotyping the panel with the 68 K Axiom WagRhSNP chip we detected major QTL for all three traits. Each trait was significantly influenced by several genomic regions. Some of the QTL span genomic regions that comprise several candidate genes. Selected markers from some of these regions were converted into KASP markers and were validated in independent populations of up to 282 garden rose genotypes. These markers demonstrate the robustness of the detected effects independent of the set of genotypes analyzed. Furthermore, the markers can serve as tools for marker-assisted breeding in garden roses. Over an extended timeframe, they may be used as a starting point for the isolation of the genes underlying the QTL.

Organisation(s)
Section Molecular Plant Breeding
Type
Article
Journal
Plants
Volume
10
ISSN
2223-7747
Publication date
29.04.2021
Publication status
Published
Peer reviewed
Yes
Electronic version(s)
https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10050897 (Access: Open)