A tunable anthranilate-inducible gene expression system for Pseudomonas species

authored by
Lena Hoffmann, Michael Frederick Sugue, Thomas Brüser

Abstract: Pseudomonads are among the most common bacteria in soils, limnic ecosystems, and human, animal, or plant host environments, including intensively studied species such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa, P. putida, or P. fluorescens. Various gene expression systems are established for some species, but there is still a need for a simple system that is suitable for a wide range of pseudomonads and that can be used for physiological applications, i.e., with a tuning capacity at lower expression levels. Here, we report the establishment of the anthranilate-dependent PantA promoter for tunable gene expression in pseudomonads. During studies on P. fluorescens, we constructed an anthranilate-inducible AntR/PantA-based expression system, named pUCP20-ANT, and used GFP as reporter to analyze gene expression. This system was compared with the rhamnose-inducible RhaSR/PrhaB-based expression system in an otherwise identical vector background. While the rhamnose-inducible system did not respond to lower inducer concentrations and always reached high levels over time when induced, expression levels of the pUCP20-ANT system could be adjusted to a range of distinct lower or higher levels by variation of anthranilate concentrations in the medium. Importantly, the anthranilate-inducible expression system worked also in strains of P. aeruginosa and P. putida and therefore will be most likely useful for physiological and biotechnological purposes in a wide range of pseudomonads. Key points: • We established an anthranilate-inducible gene expression system for pseudomonads. • This system permits tuning of gene expression in a wide range of pseudomonads. • It will be very useful for physiological and biotechnological applications.

Institute of Microbiology
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
No. of pages
Publication date
Publication status
Peer reviewed
ASJC Scopus subject areas
Biotechnology, Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Electronic version(s)
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-020-11034-8 (Access: Open)