A draft genome sequence of the rose black spot fungus Diplocarpon rosae reveals a high degree of genome duplication

authored by
Enzo Neu, Jonathan Featherston, Jasper Rees, Thomas Debener

Background: Black spot is one of the most severe and damaging diseases of garden roses. We present the draft genome sequence of its causative agent Diplocarpon rosae as a working tool to generate molecular markers and to analyze functional and structural characteristics of this fungus. Results: The isolate DortE4 was sequenced with 191x coverage of different read types which were assembled into 2457 scaffolds. By evidence supported genome annotation with the MAKER pipeline 14,004 gene models were predicted and transcriptomic data indicated that 88.5% of them are expressed during the early stages of infection. Analyses of k-mer distributions resulted in unexpectedly large genome size estimations between 72.5 and 91.4 Mb, which cannot be attributed to its repeat structure and content of transposable elements alone, factors explaining such differences in other fungal genomes. In contrast, different lines of evidences demonstrate that a huge proportion (approximately 80%) of genes are duplicated, which might indicate a whole genome duplication event. By PCR-RFLP analysis of six paralogous gene pairs of BUSCO orthologs, which are expected to be single copy genes, we could show experimentally that the duplication is not due to technical error and that not all isolates tested possess all of the paralogs. Conclusions: The presented genome sequence is still a fragmented draft but contains almost the complete gene space. Therefore, it provides a useful working tool to study the interaction of D. rosae with the host and the influence of a genome duplication outside of the model yeast in the background of a phytopathogen.

Institute of Plant Genetics
External Organisation(s)
Agricultural Research Council
Publication date
Publication status
Peer reviewed
ASJC Scopus subject areas
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all), Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all), General
Electronic version(s)
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0185310 (Access: Open)